Terpenes are natural fragrances and flavors. But do they do more? Do they also have an effect on our CBD oil? In this article, we dive into the world of terpenes, terpene profiles, and the alleged contribution to the entourage effect of CBD oil.
Resins contain terpenes. The distinctive scent of pine, in particular, is due to the fabric with an easy-to-remember name: Pineen (think of the English pine meaning “pine”).
Terpenes – What Are They?
It is a bit simplistic to say that terpenes are fragrances and flavors. For starters, terpenes are substances that different organisms make. Plants, fungi, bacteria, and animals also produce terpenes.
Terpenes are still most commonly used for the preparation of essential oils.
Still, when we talk about terpenes in CBD oil, we mean substances that occur naturally in Cannabis Sativa. They are, as it were, included during the CBD extraction process.
Terpenes Work Together with CBD
In the interest of using CBD oil, it is valuable to highlight the following collaborations between terpenes and CBD. We provide the effect and the scientific reference to the relevant article.
Limonene – gives lemons their signature scent – in conjunction with CBD:
The cannabis plant contains more substances than just CBD that have a proven therapeutic effect.
Terpenes and the Entourage Effect
Research into the effects of terpenes on the effect of CBD has been going on since the 1980s. That doesn’t mean the investigation is over. Particularly the cooperation of terpenes with other cannabinoids such as THC, CBG, and the lesser-known THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin) has been extensively researched. The entourage effect is, therefore, broader than just the research into CBD. It involves a synergetic collaboration between hundreds of natural substances, which makes mapping the effect particularly time-consuming and complex.
What we do know is that so-called “raw” CBD oil, in addition to CBD, also contains other cannabinoids, flavonoids, phenols, and terpenes. It is the interplay of all these natural elements that provide the “entourage effect”, they reinforce each other. These oils are usually obtained through supercritical CO2 extraction, which preserves all the goodness of the hemp plant